Traffic Rules and Regulations in Nigeria by FRSC

Do you know that some accidents happening nowadays are sometimes caused by the driver disobeying the traffic rules and regulatory statutes? Yea, that’s it. is compiling the list of Traffic Rules and Regulations in Nigeria for you here and we hope that this will help you.

I can remember the day I almost lost my life because of one reckless driver. As a driver, a tricycle rider or anything related to using the road, you need to know that there are certain rules covering that road.

Imagine a driver turning a bending corner with full speed, what do you think may happen to him? He/she may knock down a passerby or got involved in an accident in one way or another either by colliding with a moving car or so. Let me stop there for now because you will find every detail information in this article.

This article today will bring to the best of your knowledge most of the traffic rules and regulations in Nigerian as issued by the Federal Road Safety Commission FRSC that you need to adhere to so as to stay safe and avoid embarrassment from agencies assigned by the government to check on that.

However, the problem we are having here in Nigeria is that some law enforcement agencies do take advantage of the fact that you are not knowledgeable of your traffic rights and oppress you.

As I said earlier, It is no longer news that accident on our major roads in Nigeria has become a recurrent decimal, which claims lots of redeemable lives. This happens mostly because somebody at a particular time either doesn’t know about the traffic rules or has deliberately refused to obey it.

In order to ensure order in the society and reduce the rate of accidents, certain road safety measures have been implemented by FRSC.

There are road safety rules that is applicable to drivers alone, while there are the ones that are applicable to the passers-byes on the street. The goal of both is to ensure order and reduce traffic and accidents. In Nigeria, we have quite a number of rules to this effect. Hence, without expending more time, let’s get startBasic Traffic Rules for Nigerians

There are many traffic rules in Nigeria which are all targeted at reducing congestion and accidents on the road. Below is the list of the most basic traffic rules in Nigeria and how you can apply them safely.

1. Maintain Your Left-hand Side While Driving

This may obviously be the most fundamental road safety rule anywhere in the world. Drivers are expected to drive by the left-hand side of the road, in order to allow the other driver coming through the opposite to have an easy passageway, and avoid a collision.

The idea here is based on the rationality of drivers. As you maintain your left, its also expected that the next driver from the opposite direction is maintaining his left too. With this, an accident is greatly reduced, and everyone is happy.

2. Move Slow On Bends And Corners

Another rule is to always slow down on bends. Most of the time, drivers always feel like driving like James Bond or fast and furious. And that alone is the most reason accidents happens in Nigeria.

3. Move Slowly On-Road Congestions

Here comes another rule which you must obey. Anytime that the road is congested, you must drive as slow as possible, while looking out for the pedestrians.

4. Go Within The Speed Limit

It should be noted that there are various speed limits that drivers are expected to drive with, depending on the nature of the road at a given time. If you are around a school or hospital, it’s recommended that you slow down, to avoid hitting the passers-byes. However, when you are on highways, then you can increase your speed limit.

5. Maintain The Right Distance

At times, accidents do occur because a particular driver fails to keep to a fair distance from the other drivers. Hence, while driving, you must stay at least 30 feet from the other car in front of you. This is to enable you to take full control of your staring wheel, and avoid accidents.

6. Understand And Follow Road Signals

Yes, every road signals that you see by the roadside represent a particular. Each signal tells you something that you should do at a particular time in order to avert danger ahead. They are not just there to look at you, moreover, they are not living things.

Hence, as a road user, you are expected to understand these symbols and their applications. With that, many accidents can be averted.

7. Vehicle Plate Number

All commercial and personal cars in Nigeria must have  Vehicle Identification Number Plates. These plates are mandatory to abide by the following regulations.

(a) be carried by the vehicle on two plates that must comply with
these FRSC obligations, and

b) the number plate must be affixed in such a way that each is difficult to remove.

8. Rules for motorcycle

Traffic rules for motorcycles in Nigeria include:

  • At any given moment, a motorcycle may only transport the rider and one passenger;
  • No other weight shall be carried on the motorcycle’s tank, in front of the rider, between the rider and the passenger, or on the rider’s or passenger’s head;
  • While in motion, both the rider and the passenger must wear authorized safety crash helmets that are buckled or firmly fitted under the chin.
  • Motorcycles must be kept clean every time
  • At night, a motorcycle rider must wear a coded reflective jacket that has been approved and provided by the relevant authorities for a price

9. Vehicle Insurance

Any person who violates the provision of this traffic regulation by driving a vehicle, trailer, stage carriage, or omnibus that is uninsured on a public road commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of two thousand Naira or a sentence of 6 months prison time, or both.

Vehicles must be insured in conformity with the guidance of the Motor Vehicle (Third Party Insurance) Act, 2004 or comprehensive insurance cover.

Driving a car with forged or fake insurance papers is illegal, and anyone who does so is guilty of an offence punishable by a fine of Two thousand Naira or a period of 6 months in jail, or even both.

10. Sirens

Only the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Vice President, President of the Senate, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Chief Justice of Nigeria, Deputy President of the Senate, Deputy, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Governors and Deputy Governors of States are permitted to use sirens, flashers, or beacon lights to drive a vehicle on any public road.

Consequences Of Disobeying Traffic Rules

Just as expected, any law without a cohesive base cannot be said to be a law, but mere proclamation. However, as can be expected, there are certain consequences that are associated with breaking any aspect of human law, this includes traffic laws.

There are certain requirements and rules by FRSC that both drivers and pedestrians are expected to know and obey. Hence, the defaulters of these rules will immediately be arrested by FRSC and prosecuted accordingly. Below is the list of things that constitute traffic offenses according to FRSC.

What are Regarded as an Offence for Vehicle Drivers

  • Driving a vehicle without any learning license is a crime by FRSC standards
  • Driving a car in Nigeria without a proper car license of identification is also another crime
  • Driving either a car, a tricycle, or a motorbike in such a reckless way that can constitute public disturbance is a crime.
  • Having some forged papers of a car is a crime
  • It’s also another serious crime to be driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Driving any form of a locomotive that has the capacity of destroying any public property like street lights, electric cables, etc is a crime.
  • Driving a car with overload is another crime by FRSC
  • If the screen of your car is broken, it will constitute a big crime to drive it
  • Driving without a spare tyre or if your tyres have been worn out is another crime.
  • Not having a fire extinguisher in your car is a crime
  • Driving a car or motorbike or tricycle that produces a lot of smoke is a crime
  • To drive a car with a double-deck in Nigeria is a crime. If you don’t know what a double-deck car looks like, look at the picture below.


Like most civilised countries, Laws govern Nigeria, Nigerians and their affairs. The law has laid down rules and regulation for using roads in Nigeria but has also exempted certain persons from obeying traffic rules. Kindly note that drivers of bullion vans, politicians, celebrities and government officials are not in the exemption list.

Certain persons are exempted from obeying traffic signs and signals in any part of Nigeria when performing of their duties or emergencies/civil protection. They must drive their vehicles with due care to safety of other road users. Their vehicles must have sirens and light approved by the Federal Road Safety Commission and must also be put in use when not obeying traffic rules. The persons are;

1. Drivers of fire-fighting vehicles,
2. Drivers of rescue vehicles or ambulances.
3. Officers of Law

Notable facts About Road Signal | Stay Off From Disobedience

  • Disobeying the traffic light signals constitute a very serious offense in Nigeria.
  • To disobey the road markings, by riding through the areas that are against the road markings is an offense. All those road markings are not there for fancy, they represent certain things that you should look out for.
  • Wrongful use of a light trafficator is an offense because it sends a wrong signal to the other persons and drivers.
  • Using a road that has been marked No Access or Construction Ongoing is an offense.
  • Disregarding the speed limits at road sign posts is another crime.

As law-abiding citizens whose desire is to see our society in the best possible state, you are always advisable to play by the rules. This does not only help the community, but it also helps you the individual to avoid any unnecessary embarrassment by law enforcement agencies.

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