List of ethnic groups of Africa, their geographical region and countries

The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture. The ethnolinguistic groups include various Afroasiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan populations.

Also read: List of official, national and spoken languages of Africa.

The official population count of the various ethnic groups in Africa is highly uncertain, both due to limited infrastructure to perform censuses and due to the rapid population growth. There have also been accusations of deliberate misreporting in order to give selected ethnicities numerical superiority (as in the case of Nigeria’s Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo people

Ethnic groups of Africa

Major ethnic groupsRegionCountries
AkanWest AfricaGhana, Ivory Coast
HabeshaHorn of AfricaEthiopia, Eritrea
AmharaHorn of AfricaEthiopia
ChewaCentral AfricaMalawi, Zambia
FulaniWest AfricaMauritania, Gambia. Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, Chad, Sudan, CAR, Ghana, Togo, Sierra Leone
HausaWest AfricaNigeria, Niger, Benin, Ghana, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan
HutuCentral AfricaRwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo
IgboWest AfricaNigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon
KanuriCentral AfricaNigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon
KongoCentral AfricaDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Republic of the Congo
LubaCentral AfricaDemocratic Republic of the Congo
MaghrebisNorth AfricaMaghreb (Mauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara), Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya
MongoCentral AfricaDemocratic Republic of the Congo
NilotesNile Valley, East Africa, Central AfricaSouth Sudan, Sudan, Chad, Central African Republic, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia
OromoHorn of AfricaEthiopia
ShonaEast AfricaZimbabwe and Mozambique
SomaliHorn of AfricaSomalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya
YorubaWest AfricaNigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone
ZuluSouthern AfricaSouth Africa