List of African countries and their system of government

After the independent of African countries and the assembly of African leader in Addis Ababa is 1963, the leaders of African countries went back with the idea of making for themselves the system of government that they want. In this post we will be listing African countries and their system of government

African Union (AU) member states have various forms of government. The Constitutive Act of the African Union makes no provision for what type of government a member state may or must have, but Article 30 states:

Also read: List of political Assassinations in Nigeria (Reviewed)

Governments which shall come to power through unconstitutional means shall not be allowed to participate in the activities of the Union.

This clause has only been applied to Mauritania after its 2005 coup d’état, to Madagascar as a result of the 2009 Malagasy political crisis and to Togo during its political crisis in April 2005.

Several political systems of governance are represented in the AU, including stable, competitive democracies (Botswana, Cape Verde), systems dominated by single parties, and even a failed state that exists in a de jure capacity (Somalia) and a government in exile (Western Sahara’s Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.)

Listed by form of government

CountriesSystem of Government
Algeriaparliamentary unitary republic
Angolapresidential unitary republic
 Beninpresidential unitary republic
 Botswanaparliamentary unitary republic
 Burkina Fasopresidential unitary republic
 Burundipresidential unitary republic
 Cameroonpresidential unitary republic
 Cape Verdeparliamentary unitary republic
 Central African Republicpresidential unitary republic
 Chadpresidential unitary republic
 Comorospresidential federal republic
 Democratic Republic of the Congosemi-presidential unitary republic
 Republic of the Congopresidential unitary republic
 Ivory Coastpresidential unitary republic
 Djiboutipresidential unitary republic
 Egyptsemi-presidential unitary republic
 Equatorial Guineapresidential unitary republic
 Eritreapresidential unitary republic
 Eswatini (Swaziland)unitary absolute monarchy
 Ethiopiasemi-presidential federal republic
 Gabonpresidential unitary republic
 Gambiapresidential unitary republic
 Ghanapresidential unitary republic
 Guineapresidential unitary republic
 Guinea-Bissausemi-presidential unitary republic
 Kenyapresidential unitary republic
 Lesothoparliamentary unitary constitutional monarchy
 Liberiapresidential unitary republic
 Libyaparliamentary republic
 Madagascarsemi-presidential devolved republic
 Malawipresidential unitary republic
 Malipresidential unitary republic
 Mauritaniapresidential republic
 Mauritiussemi-presidential unitary republic
 Moroccoparliamentary unitary constitutional monarchy
 Mozambiquepresidential unitary republic
 Namibiapresidential unitary republic
 Nigersemi-presidential unitary republic
 Nigeria.presidential unitary federation
 Rwandapresidential unitary republic
 São Tomé and Príncipesemi-presidential unitary republic
Senegalpresidential unitary republic
 Seychellespresidential unitary republic
 Sierra Leonepresidential unitary republic
 Somaliasemi-presidential federal republic
 South Africasemi-presidential unitary republic
South Sudanpresidential federal republic
 Sudanpresidential federal republic
 Tanzaniapresidential federacy republic
 Togopresidential unitary republic
 Tunisiapresidential unitary republic
Ugandapresidential unitary republic
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republicsemi-presidential unitary republic
 Zambiapresidential unitary republic
Zimbabwepresidential unitary republic
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