382 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria

According to Worldatlas, Nigeria is number 18 in the world’s most diverse ethnic groups in the world with over 520 spoken languages. Many ethnic groups in Nigeria exist within its geographical limits, and many of them have territories that cross several different countries.

According to Wikipedia, An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of presumed similarities such as common language, ancestry, history, society, culture, nation or social treatment within their residing area.

Ethnicity in Nigeria is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one is given birth to. Membership of an ethnic group in Nigeria tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art or physical appearance.

On this article, I will list out all the Ethnic groups in Nigeria without leaving out any and if peradventure I did not mention an ethnic group you are very much familiar with, please use the comment section to make it known.

First let’s consider the most popular of these Ethnic groups in Nigeria which are the Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, Yoruba and Ijaw; and from these ethnic groups in Nigeria span several groups numbering over 380. These aforementioned ethnic groups in Nigeria comprise only fifty-seven per cent of the population of Nigeria.

According to postcolonialweb, the remainder of the people are members of the ethnic minority groups, which include such peoples as the Kanuri, the Nupe, and the Tiv in the north, the Efik/Ibibio, and the Ekoi in the east, and the Edo and Urhobo/Isoko to the west, along with hundreds of other groups that differ widely in language, culture and even physique.

This list below does not indicate which state nor whether they are major or minority ethnic groups in Nigeria. If you can’t find a particular ethnic group on this list please kindly indicate by using the comment section below.

382 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria

  1. Abayon
  2. Abua
  3. Achipa
  4. Adim
  5. Adun
  6. Affade
  7. Afizere
  8. Afo
  9. Agbo
  10. Akaju-Ndem
  11. Akweya-Yachi
  12. Alago
  13. Amo
  14. Anaguta
  15. Anang
  16. Andoni
  17. Angas
  18. Ankwei
  19. Anyima
  20. Attakar
  21. Auyoka
  22. Awori
  23. Ayu
  24. Babur
  25. Bachama
  26. Bachere
  27. Bada
  28. Bade
  29. Baggara Arabs
  30. Bahumono
  31. Bakulung
  32. Bali
  33. Bambora
  34. Bambuko
  35. Banda
  36. Banka
  37. Banso
  38. Bara
  39. Barke
  40. Baruba
  41. Bashiri
  42. Bassa
  43. Batta
  44. Baushi
  45. Baya
  46. Bekwarra
  47. Bele
  48. Betso
  49. Bette
  50. Bilei
  51. Bille
  52. Bina (Binawa)
  53. Bini (Edo)
  54. Birom
  55. Bobua
  56. Boki (Nki)
  57. Bokkos
  58. Boko
  59. Bole (Bolewa)
  60. Botlere
  61. Boma
  62. Bomboro
  63. Buduma
  64. Buji
  65. Buli
  66. Bunu
  67. Bura/Babur
  68. Burak
  69. Burma
  70. Buru
  71. Buta
  72. Bwall
  73. Bwatiye
  74. Bwazza
  75. Challa
  76. Chama
  77. Chamba
  78. Chamo
  79. Chibok
  80. Chinine
  81. Chip
  82. Chokobo
  83. Chukkol
  84. Daba
  85. Dadiya
  86. Daka
  87. Dakarkari
  88. Danda
  89. Dangsa
  90. Daza
  91. Degema
  92. Deno
  93. Dghwede
  94. Diba
  95. Doemak
  96. Ouguri
  97. Duka
  98. Duma
  99. Ebana
  100. Ebira
  101. Ebu
  102. Ebu
  103. Efik
  104. Egbema
  105. Egede (Igedde)
  106. Eggon
  107. Egun (Gu)
  108. Ejagham
  109. Ekajuk
  110. Eket
  111. Ekoi
  112. Ekpeye
  113. Enuani
  114. Engenni
  115. Epie
  116. Esan (Ishan)
  117. Etche
  118. Etolu
  119. Etsako
  120. Etung
  121. Etuno
  122. Palli
  123. Fulani (Fulbe)
  124. Fyam (Fyem)
  125. Fyer(Fer)
  126. Ga’anda
  127. Gade
  128. Galambi
  129. Gamergu-Mulgwa
  130. Qanawuri
  131. Gavako
  132. Gbedde
  133. Gengle
  134. Geji
  135. Gera
  136. Geruma
  137. Geruma
  138. Gingwak
  139. Gira
  140. Gizigz
  141. Goemai
  142. Gokana
  143. Gombi
  144. Gornun
  145. Gonia
  146. Gubi
  147. Gude
  148. Gudu
  149. Gure
  150. Gurmana
  151. Gururntum
  152. Gusu
  153. Gwa
  154. Gwamba
  155. Gwandara
  156. Gwari (Gbagi)
  157. Gwong
  158. Gwom
  159. Gwoza
  160. Gyem
  161. Ham (Jabba)
  162. Holma
  163. Hona
  164. Ibeno
  165. Ibibio
  166. Ichen
  167. Idoma
  168. Igala
  169. Igbo
  170. Ijumu
  171. Ika
  172. Ikom
  173. Ikwerre
  174. Irigwe
  175. Isoko
  176. Isekiri
  177. Iyala
  178. Izon
  179. Jahuna
  180. Jaku
  181. Jara
  182. Jere
  183. Jero
  184. Jibu
  185. Jidda-Abu
  186. Jimbin
  187. Jirai
  188. Jonjo
  189. Jukun
  190. Kaba
  191. Kadara
  192. Kafanchan
  193. Kagoro
  194. Kaje
  195. Kajuru
  196. Kaka
  197. Kamaku
  198. Kambari
  199. Kambu
  200. Kanakuru
  201. Kanembu
  202. Kanikon
  203. Kantana
  204. Kanuri
  205. Karekare
  206. Karimjo
  207. Kariya
  208. Katab
  209. Kenern
  210. Kenton
  211. Kiballo
  212. Kilba
  213. Kirfi
  214. Koma
  215. Kona
  216. Koro
  217. Kubi
  218. Kudachano
  219. Kugama
  220. Kulere
  221. Kunini
  222. Kurama
  223. Kurdul
  224. Kushi
  225. Kuteb
  226. Kutin
  227. Kwalla
  228. Kwami
  229. Kwanchi
  230. Kadung
  231. Kwaro
  232. Kwato
  233. Kyenga
  234. Laaru
  235. Lakka
  236. Lala
  237. Lama
  238. Lamja
  239. Lau
  240. Limono
  241. Lopa
  242. Longuda
  243. Mabo
  244. Mada
  245. Mama
  246. Mambilla
  247. Manchok
  248. Mandara (Wandala)
  249. Manga (Mangawa)
  250. Margi
  251. Matakarn
  252. Mbembe
  253. Mbol
  254. Mbube
  255. Mbula
  256. Mbum
  257. Memyang
  258. Miango
  259. Miligili
  260. Miya
  261. Mobber
  262. Montol
  263. Moruwa
  264. Muchaila
  265. Mumuye
  266. Mundang
  267. Munga
  268. Munga
  269. Mupun
  270. Mushere
  271. Mwahavul
  272. Ndoro
  273. Ngas
  274. Ngizim
  275. Ngweshe
  276. Nyam
  277. Ningi
  278. Ninzam
  279. Njayi
  280. Nkim
  281. Nkum
  282. Nokere
  283. Nunku
  284. Nupe
  285. Nyandang
  286. Ododop
  287. Ogori
  288. Ogoni
  289. Ogba
  290. Okobo (Okkobor)
  291. Okpamheri
  292. Okpe
  293. Olulumo
  294. Olukumi
  295. Oron
  296. Owan
  297. Owe
  298. Oworo
  299. Pa’a
  300. Pai
  301. Panyam
  302. Pero
  303. Pire
  304. Pkanzom
  305. Poll
  306. Polchi Habe
  307. Pongo
  308. Potopo
  309. Pyapun
  310. Qua
  311. Rebina
  312. Reshe
  313. Rindire
  314. Rishuwa
  315. Ron
  316. Rubu
  317. Rukuba
  318. Rumada
  319. Rumaya
  320. Sakbe
  321. Sanga
  322. Sate
  323. Saya
  324. Segidi
  325. Shanga
  326. Shangawa
  327. Shan-Shan
  328. Shira
  329. Shomo
  330. Shuwa
  331. Sikdi
  332. Siri (Sirawa)
  333. Srubu (Surubu)
  334. Sukur
  335. Sura
  336. Tangale
  337. Tarok
  338. Teme
  339. Tera (Terawa)
  340. Teshena (Teshenawa)
  341. Tigon
  342. Tikar
  343. Tiv
  344. Tula
  345. Tur
  346. Ubbo
  347. Ufia
  348. Ukelle
  349. Ukwuani
  350. Uncinda
  351. Uneme
  352. Ura (Ula)
  353. Urhobo
  354. Utonkong
  355. Uyanga
  356. Vemgo
  357. Verre
  358. Vommi
  359. Wagga
  360. Waja
  361. Waka
  362. Warja
  363. Warji
  364. Wula
  365. Wurbo
  366. Wurkun
  367. Yache
  368. Yagba
  369. Yakurr
  370. Yalla
  371. Yandang
  372. Yergan
  373. Yoruba
  374. Yott
  375. Yumu
  376. Yungur
  377. Yuom
  378. Zabara
  379. Zaranda
  380. Zarma
  381. Zayam
  382. Zul (Zulawa)